Read the follow material and use the internet to obtain information.
Answear the questions on a seperate text document such as MS Word, Notepad or Write then send it to me as an e-mail attachment at firstname.lastname@example.org
So far we've looked at websites, magazine articles, a professional journal index (Medline) and books. But one of the very first places to look for information on a topic should be the encyclopedic article. Both online and print versions are written by experts on the specific topic, and try to convey a neutral, unbiased explanation of the topic. These explanations are good for:
|There are several online encyclopedias available through
the Internet now, but let's start with an old-fashioned print encyclopedia.
RMIT's reference collection (where we keep all the encyclopedias, dictionaries,
atlases, and other reference books) is arranged according to the Library
of Congress Classification System. This system organizes all human knowledge
into 21 broad categories, and assigns each category a letter of the alphabet.
The letter for medicine and health issues is R.
Find the R section of the reference collection and see if you can locate
an encyclopedia called the
The Encyclopedia of alternative medicine and self-help
The call number, those numbers on the spine of every library book, is like the address of the book. For this encyclopedia,
tells you first to look in the reference collection (REF), then the R section, and then the 600s of that section.
|Look in the back of the encyclopedia for the Index,
an alphabetical list of all the topics covered, followed by the page numbers.
If you look for Irradiation, you'll find an entry for
What are the page numbers for information on food irradiation?
|If you turn to the first page listed, you should find a
short description of this process and the major concerns of its critics.
Describe two of these concerns
|This encyclopedia was written in 1978.. Let's try searching Medline
for more recent information. Remember that Medline is the source where
results from randomized trials and studies, and other research projects
in the medical world are reported.
Search for the terms:
Glance through some of the articles on your result screen and read the
abstracts by clicking on the author's names. Notice that a few of the listings
tell you that no abstract is available.
|Now let's use the Online
Encyclopedia Britannica. Try searching for information on irradiation.
Type the search term into the blank rectangle on the search screen and click on the SEARCH button.
|Your search should result in a list of articles that mention
your term. Look in one of the middle columns entitled, Encyclopedia
Britannica. There is no main entry for our specific term, but if you
click on the link, Negative Effects you will find a discussion of
both positive and negative effects of irradiation within the main entry
for Food Preservation.
List an example of both of these:
|To cite this article in APA format, use the following example
as a guideline, where the main entry for the article was Meat Processing:
Meat Processing. (2000). _Encyclopedia Britannica_. Retrieved March
21, 2002 from the World Wide Web: http://search.ebnet.com
|Let's look now at Bioengineered Foods and the different
opinions about them. Below are 3 different sites.
Look at each one of them and analyze them. Remember our list of questions to ask about websites? (Who wrote it, are there references given, who is the supporting institution, is there an inherent bias, and how recent is the information)
See if you can find answers to these questions for each of the three sites:
|The online version of the journal New Scientist has put together a website of links to articles about genetically modified crops.|
|Look at a few of these articles by clicking on their titles.
For most of them, you won't be able to pull up the entire article, but
you will get a detailed summary. Try to get a feel for the bias from New
Would you say they are basically for, against or completely unbiased toward genetic engineering of crops?
Which articles did you scan that made you believe this? Give the titles and dates and how they led to your conclusion.
|NOAH is another popular site that prides itself on diseminating unbiased
medical information both in Spanish and English. It is a joint project
among the City University of New York, The Metropolitan New York Library
Council, The New York Academy of Medicine and The New York Public Library.
And they have some documents concerning food biotechnology and irradiation.
Follow the link to Food Biotechnology/Irradiation/Safety and you should find at least 7 articles. If you run your cursor over the links to these 3 articles, you'll see the URLs displayed at the bottom of your screen. Two of the articles are posted by the same organization, www.eatright.org. Find the homepage for this organization (remember how to delete the endings of a URL?).
|The American Dietetic Association has published a position paper on
& the Future of Food. Look at this page:
|The Organic Consumers Organization
is a well-known non-profit organization that campaigns for food safety,
organic agriculture, fair trade & sustainability.
Here's a news article that will give you the flavor of their point of view.
|And finally, just for fun, click here for a website that has been described by some critics as "the best Genetic Engineering site on the web."|
This is your final internet assignment for Applied Nutrition.
For questions or comments,please send e-mail to
Barry Brazier at email@example.com
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