Practical Exercise in Exercise Physiology

**Introduction:**

This practicum is designed to illustrate and measure physiological changes
associated with exercise

Students will work in groups of the or four. One student will act as
the subject and the other students in the group will take measurements.
Measurements will be taken of the subjects pulse breathing rate, body temperature
and blood pressure before exercise and following various activities.

**Method**

1) Resting Measurements

Measure the subjects resting breathing rate by observing her
chest movement and counting the number of breaths in one minute. Count
the pulse rate and take body temperature with a clinical thermometer. Take
three measurements each time. Measure the exact height of the step used.

2) Mild exercise

The subject is to step up one ca. 800 cm step at a rate of 2 step up
per second for 2 minutes

Then the same measurements as performed on the resting subject are
repeated

The above test (2) should be repeated three time with a 5 min. rest
in between.

Measure the exact height of the steps used.

3)Medium exercise

The subject is to step up three ca. 800 cm steps at a rate of 2 x 3
steps up per second for 2 minutes

Then the same measurements as performed on the resting subject are
repeated

The above test (3) should be repeated three time with a 5 in
rest in between.

Measure the exact height of the steps used.

4)Greater exercise

The subject is to step up several ca. 800 cm steps at a rate of X step
up per second for 2 minutes

The number of steps to depend on the fitness of the subject

Then the same measurements as performed on the resting subject are
repeated

The above test (4) should be repeated three time with a 5 in rest in
between.

Measure the exact height of the steps used.

4)Re-breathing exercise

The subject is to remain seated and to breath in and out of a plastic
bag 5 times at a normal breathing rate.

Then the same measurements as performed on the resting subject are
repeated

The above test (5) should be repeated three time with a 5 min. rest
in between.

**Results**

Tabulate all measurements using MKS units

Calculate the Energy need to take the steps in each of parts 1 to 4
of the practicum

using the formula E = mgh .

Calculate the power used from E/time

Calculate the number of grams of fat needed to provide the energy in
each part.

Using the number of kJ/ gram of fat.

Plot graphs of each physiological parameter against power use.

Questions:

1)Explain why the physiological measurements change with each part of
the experiment.

2)Explain why pulse and breathing may not indicate a true measure of
increased metabolism

3)Explain why the actual amount of fat used in the exercise is much
greater than indicated in the calculations above. How can this vary from
one subject to another.

4)Why was fat used for calculating the amount of nutrient used and
not carbohydrate? Under what conditions could this change?

5)How could respiratory quotient be used to determine which nutrient
is being utilized?